What is a cardiovascular catheterization laboratory?
A cardiovascular catheterization laboratory, also known as a “cardiac cath lab,” is a specialized hospital unit where cardiovascular diseases are diagnosed and treated in a minimally invasive manner with the help of diagnostic imaging equipment. Mather Hospital’s state-of-the-art cath lab includes cardiac catheterization and electrophysiology.
Cardiac catheterization is a diagnostic procedure used to visualize the arteries and chambers of the heart and treat any narrowing of blood vessels (stenosis) or other abnormalities.
When coronary artery disease causes chest pain or a heart attack, percutaneous coronary artery intervention is performed by inserting a catheter through the artery of the groin or arm, visualizing the narrowing or blockage, and restoring normal flow with a balloon or stent.
Other critical procedures are also done in the cath lab to assess the vessels, valves, muscle, and electrical pathways of the heart. Mather Hospital’s new cath lab offers our patients the convenience of having scheduled cardiac procedures and if necessary, tend to their emergent needs.
Mather’s Cardiac Cath Lab is composed of two units – one for coronary diagnostic and intervention procedures. The second laboratory will also be able to do electrophysiology studies to assess the heart’s electrical system and will be used to diagnose and treat abnormal heartbeats or arrhythmias. This laboratory will be able to also perform a variety of procedures, including ablative therapies, device implants (pacemaker), cardioversions.
What does Mather’s cath lab provide?
Mather’s goal is to provide advanced cardiovascular diagnostic and interventional procedures. Every year patients that present to Mather Hospital with heart problems need to be transferred to other hospitals in the area to have these services elsewhere. Mather built a cardiac cath lab to provide high quality and faster care to those patients, especially those having a heart attack. Patients having a heart attack will be taken to the cath lab, where we can look for the artery that is closed and we can open it on the spot and restore blood flow to the heart and in that way prevent muscle damage.